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a brief history of Rwanda

Politics

Rwanda is trying to shake off its image associated with the 1994 state-sponsored genocide; the government argues the country is now stable.

Economy

Growth exceeded 5% in the five years since 2001, driven by coffee and tea exports and expanding tourism; poverty is widespread and Rwanda is highly dependent on aid.

Justice

The UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has convicted 27 people for their involvement the 1994 genocide.

D.R. Congo

The total number of Congolese refugees and asylum-seekers in Rwanda is more than 57,600.

Sources: worldbank.org | wikipedia.com

  • 1959

  • 1962

  • 1963

  • 1990

  • 1993

  • 1994

  • 1994

  • 2000

  • 2005

  • 2007

  • 2008

  • 2012

  • Rwandan Independence Belgium grants Rwanda independence. | image: portfolio.lesoir.be

     

  • Tutsis Following a Tutsi guerilla attack from Burundi, an anti-Tutsi backlash kills thousands. | image: upload.wikimedia.org

     

  • Rwandan Civil War The Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front makes an attack from Uganda, starting the Rwandan Civil War. | image: i.telegraph.co.uk

  • End of Rwandan Civil War The Arusha Accords are signed between President Habyarimana and leaders of the RPF in Arusha,Tanzania, ending the Rwandan Civil War. | timage: eachwar.files.wordpress.com

  • Rwandan Genocide President Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira are assassinated as their aircraft is shot down approaching Kigali. This incident sparks the Rwandan Genocide, a genocidal mass slaughter of the Tutsis by the Hutus. Over the course of approximately 100 days over 500,000 people were killed, according to a Human Rights Watch estimate. Estimates of the death toll have ranged from 500,000–1,000,000, or as much as 20% of the country's total population. Rough estimates also place that anywhere from 250,000 and 500,000 women were brutally raped, which is believed to be the cause of the AIDS epidemic in Rwanda. And in the wake of the genocide and the HIV/AIDS crisis, there were also more than 600,000 orphans in Rwanda by 2001, and virtually no psychological care available for anyone after the trauma. | image: modernhistoryproject2012.files.wordpress.com

     

  • End of Genocide Genocide ends when Rwandan Patriotic Front takes the capital Kigali. In anticipation of a Tutsi retaliation, approximately 2 million Hutus, participants in the genocide, and the bystanders, fled from Rwanda to Zaire (now called Congo), Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda. Thousands of them died in disease epidemics common to the squalor of refugee camps, such as cholera and dysentery. | image: upload.wikimedia.org

  • Paul Kagame Ministers and members of parliament elect Vice-President Paul Kagame as Rwanda's new president. | image: graphics8.nytimes.com

     

  • Prisoner release Government begins the mass release of 36,000 prisoners. Most of them have confessed to involvement in the 1994 genocide. It is the third phase of releases since 2003 - part of an attempt to ease overcrowding. | image: news.bbcimg.co.uk

  • Economic growth Rwanda has 8% economic growth, a record it has sustained since, turning it into one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa. | image: in2eastafrica.net

  • UN Report UN report accuses Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo of directly helping Tutsi rebels fighting in eastern DR Congo. Rwanda denies supplying aid and child soldiers. | image: rnw.nl

  • Gacaca Rwanda shuts down "gacaca" community courts that for 10 years tried those accused of involvement in the 1994 genocide. Human rights group say they fell short of international legal standards. Rwanda says about 65% of the nearly two million people tried were found guilty. | image: survivors-fund.org.uk

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